Ko Pha Ngan
Ko Pha Ngan is an island in southeast Thailand that’s renowned for its monthly Full Moon Party. This boisterous night-long celebration, which is tied to the lunar calendar, draws revelers to its southeastern peninsula, Haad Rin. Most festivities center on Sunrise Beach, whose beach bungalows attract a backpacker crowd. On the north coast lie quieter, white-sand beaches including Hat Khuat and Hat Thian.
The name Ko Pha Ngan derives from the word “ngan”, meaning “sand bar” in the southern Thai dialect, for there are many sand bars offshore.
Over the last century the island’s population has steadily expanded,
first living off the sea and the land and farming coconuts. Later, tin mining became part of the economy.
In the 1970s the mining industry faltered and finally petered out. Over the next decade tourism took hold.
Now the island is primarily a tourist destination. Fishing and coconut farming remain important to the local economy.
Due to its topography, the population hugs the coastline.
The mountainous interior is generally inaccessible. More than half the island designated as national park and Ko Pha Ngan has more than 80 km2 (31 sq mi) of relatively unspoiled rain forest with diverse flora and fauna.
It is also considered a spiritual place, with numerous Buddhist temples around the island and a thriving spa, retreat, and meditation industry.
Ko Pha ngan,is an island in the Gulf of Thailand in southeast Thailand in Surat Thani Province.
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