The Karate is a martial art developed in the Ryukyu Kingdom.It developed from the indigenous Ryukyuan martial arts (called te (手) “hand” in Okinawan) under the influence of Chinese martial arts,
particularly Fujian White Crane.Karate is now predominantly a striking art using punching, kicking,
knee strikes, elbow strikes and open-hand techniques such as knife-hands, spear-hands, and palm-heel strikes. Historically,
and in some modern styles, grappling, throws, joint locks, restraints, and vital-point strikes are also taught.
A ka-ra-te practitioner is called a karateka .
The Ryukyu Kingdom was annexed by Japan in 1879.It was brought to Japan in the early 20th century during a time of migration as Ryukyuans,
especially from Okinawa, looked for work in Japan.It was systematically taught in Japan after the Taishō era.
In 1922 the Japanese Ministry of Education invited Gichin Funakoshi to Tokyo to give a karate demonstration.
In 1924 Keio University established the first university karate club in mainland Japan and by 1932, major Japanese universities had karate clubs.
In this era of escalating Japanese militarism,the name was changed from (“Chinese hand” or “Tang hand”) to(“empty hand”) – both of which are pronounced karate in Japanese-
to indicate that the Japanese wished to develop the combat form in Japanese style.
After World War II, the Okinawa became an important United States military site and karate became popular among servicemen stationed there.-Justplay
The martial arts movies of the 1960s and 1970s served to greatly increase the popularity of martial arts around the world, and in English the word karate began to be used in a generic way to refer to all striking-based Oriental martial arts.Karate schools began appearing across the world,
catering to those with casual interest as well as those seeking a deeper study of the art.MORE on -Justplay
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