A cryptocurrency or crypto currency is a digital asset designed to work as a medium of exchange using cryptography to secure the transactions and to control the creation of additionalunits of the currency.Cryptocurrencies are a subset of alternative currencies, or specifically of digital currencies.
The decentralized control is related to the use of bitcoin’s blockchain transaction database in the role of a distributed ledger.
Decentralized cryptocurrency is produced by the entire cryptocurrency system collectively,
at a rate which is defined when the system is created and which is publicly known.
In centralized banking and economic systems such as the Federal Reserve System,
corporate boards or governments control the supply of currency by printing units of fiat money or demanding additions to digital banking ledgers. In case of decentralized cryptocurrency,
companies or governments cannot produce new units, and have not so far provided backing for other firms,
banks or corporate entities which hold asset value measured in it.
The underlying technical system upon which decentralized cryptocurrencies are based was created by the group or individual known as Satoshi Nakamoto.
Bitcoin became the first decentralized cryptocurrency in 2009.
Since then, numerous cryptocurrencies have been created.
These are frequently called altcoins, as a blend of bitcoin alternative.
Bitcoin and its derivatives use decentralized control as opposed to centralized electronic money/centralized banking systems.
As of March 2015
Hundreds of cryptocurrency specifications exist;
most are similar to and derived from the first fully implemented decentralized cryptocurrency, bitcoin.
Within cryptocurrency systems the safety, integrity and balance of ledgers is maintained by a community of mutually distrustful parties referred to as miners:
members of the general public using their computers to help validate and timestamp transactions adding them to the ledger in accordance with a particular timestamping scheme.
The security of cryptocurrency ledgers is based on the assumption that the majority of miners are honestly trying to maintain the ledger,
having financial incentive to do so.-Justplay
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