Aikido Martial Art
Aikido is a modern Japanese martial art developed by Morihei Ueshiba as a synthesis of his martial studies, philosophy, and religious beliefs.
Aikido is often translated as “the way of unifying (with) life energy”or as “the way of harmonious spirit”.
Ueshiba’s goal was to create an art that practitioners could use to defend themselves while also protecting their attacker from injury.
Aiki-do techniques consist of entering and turning movements that redirect the momentum of an opponent’s attack,
and a throw or joint lock that terminates the technique.
Aiki-do derives mainly from the martial art of Daitō-ryū Aiki-jūjutsu,
but began to diverge from it in the late 1920s,
partly due to Ueshiba’s involvement with the Ōmoto-kyō religion.
Ueshiba’s early students’ documents bear the term aiki-jūjutsu.
Ueshiba’s senior students have different approaches to aikido,
depending partly on when they studied with him.
oday aikido is found all over the world in a number of styles, with broad ranges of interpretation and emphasis.
However, they all share techniques formulated by Ueshiba and most have concern for the well-being of the attacker.-Justplay
Aikido was created by Morihei Ueshiba (植芝 盛平 Ueshiba Morihei, 14 December 1883 – 26 April 1969),
referred to by some aikido practitioners as Ōsensei (Great Teacher).
The term aikido was coined in the twentieth century.
Ueshiba envisioned Aiki-do not only as the synthesis of his martial training, but as an expression of his personal philosophy of universal peace and reconciliation.
During Ueshiba’s lifetime and continuing today,
Aiki-do has evolved from the aiki that Ueshiba studied into a variety of expressions by martial artists throughout the world.
In aikido, as in virtually all Japanese martial arts, there are both physical and mental aspects of training.
The physical training in Aiki-do is diverse, covering both general physical fitness and conditioning, as well as specific techniques.
Because a substantial portion of any Aiki-do curriculum consists of throws, beginners learn how to safely fall or roll.
The specific techniques for attack include both strikes and grabs; the techniques for defense consist of throws and pins. After basic techniques are learned,
students study freestyle defense against multiple opponents, and techniques with weapons.
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